To Educate the General Public about the rich
history of th 9th and 10th Calvary Buffalo Soldiers
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Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper

He was commissioned a second lieutenant and assigned to the 10th Cavalry.
Lieutenant Flipper faced harsh and extreme levels of discrimination and
In 1881 Lieutenant Flipper's commanding officer accused him of "embezzling
funds and of conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman." resultantly,
he was court-martialed.

He was acquitted of the embezzlement charge but was found guilty, by
general court martial, of conduct unbecoming an officer. On June 30, 1882,
he was dismissed from the Army.

As a civilian, Henry Flipper went on to distinguish himself in a variety of
governmental and private engineering positions. These included serving as
surveyor, civil and military engineer, author, translator, special agent of the
Justice Department, special assistant to the Secretary of the Interior with
the Alaskan Engineering Commission, aide to the Senate Committee on
Foreign Relations, as well as an authority on Mexican land and mining law.
He died in Georgia in 1940

President William Jefferson Clinton pardoned Lieutenant Henry O. Flipper
on  February 19, 1999.  In pardoning this officer, the President recognized an
error and acknowledged the lifetime accomplishments of this American
The Buffalo Soldier Name
   The following story is one of many on how the Buffalo Soldiers got their name.

In September 1867, Private John Randall of Troop G of the 10th Cavalry Regiment was assigned to escort two civilians on a
hunting trip. The hunters suddenly became the hunted when a band of 70 Cheyenne warriors swept down on them. The two
civilians quickly fell in the initial attack and Randall's horse was shot out from beneath him. Randall managed to scramble to   
safety behind a washout under the railroad tracks, where he fended off the attack with only his pistol until help from the nearby   
camp arrived. The Indians beat a hasty retreat, leaving behind 13 fallen warriors. Private Randall suffered a gunshot wound to his
shoulder and 11 lance wounds, but recovered. The Cheyenne quickly spread word of this new type of soldier, "who had fought
like a cornered buffalo; who like a buffalo had suffered wound after wound, yet had not died; and who like a buffalo had a thick
and shaggy mane of hair.
My Name is Ken Thomas "Dream Maker". I am the Founder of the National Association of Buffalo Soldiers and Troopers
Motorcycle Club. I am a retired Chicago Police Officer currently working as the Security Representative for the NBA here in
Chicago. I currently ride a 2006 Harley Davidson Road Glide. I love riding the highways to fellowship with the many people
we have met who have joined our organization over the years. I enjoy speaking to groups about the history of the Buffalo
Soldiers/Troopers of which we honor. I also enjoy the many charitable deeds that we perform or participate in which helps to
ensure the positive image of our club.
(1877 or 1880 – November 26, 1970) was the first African-American general
officer in the United States Army ( 9th Calvary Buffalo Soldier). He was the father of Air Force
General Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Commander of the Tuskegee Airman.

Davis was mustered out on March 6, 1899, and on June 18, 1899, he enlisted as a private in
Troop I, 9th Cavalry Regiment (one of the original Buffalo Soldier regiments), of the Regular
Army. At his post in Fort Duchesne, Utah, he served first as the troop's clerk and later as
squadron sergeant major through 1900. In late 1900, Davis's unit was commanded by
Lieutenant Charles Young, the only African-American officer serving in the US military at that
time. Young encouraged Davis's ambition to become an officer. Young tutored Davis in all of
the subjects that were covered in the officer candidate test, especially mathematics which
had been Young's most difficult subject at the United States Military Academy at West Point.
In early 1901 Davis passed the test at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, his highest score coming in
the math section. (A second African American, John E. Green, passed the test along with 10
other soldiers.) On February 2, 1901, Davis was commissioned a second lieutenant of
Cavalry in the Regular Army.

In the spring of 1901, Troop I was posted overseas to serve in the Philippine–American War.
In August 1901, Davis was assigned to Troop F, 10th Cavalry, where he assumed the duties
of a second lieutenant. Troop F returned to the US in August 1902. Davis was then stationed
at Fort Washakie, Wyoming, where he also served for several months with Troop M. In
September 1905, he was assigned to Wilberforce University in Ohio as Professor of Military
Science and Tactics, a post that he filled for four years.  Davis was promoted to Brigadier
General on October 25, 1940, becoming the first African-American general in the United
States Army.

Davis became Commanding General of 4th Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division at Fort Riley,
Kansas, in January 1941. About six months later, he was assigned to Washington, D.C. as an
assistant in the Office of the Inspector General. While serving in the Office of the Inspector
General, Davis also served on the Advisory Committee on Negro Troop Policies. From 1941
to 1944, Davis conducted inspection tours of African-American soldiers in the United States
Army. From September to November 1942 and again from July to November 1944, Davis
made inspection tours of African-American soldiers stationed in Europe.

On November 10, 1944, Davis was reassigned to work under Lieutenant General John C. H.
Lee as Special Assistant to the Commanding General, Communications Zone, European
Theater of Operations. He served with the General Inspectorate Section, European Theater of
Operation (later the Office of the Inspector General on Europe) from January through May
1945. While serving in the European Theater of Operations, Davis was influential in the
proposed policy of integration using replacement units.
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